Summary of The Hindu 27th JANUARY 2024

India France defense ties take a leap

PM Modi and French President meeting in Jaipur resulted in following key agreements ;

     India and France has announced a “ Defense Industrial Road map “ for cooperation in defense production , future cooperation , and on “ condesign and codevelopment “ of military hardware .

     A new agreement on defense + space partnership that will see them collaborate on “ space situational awareness “ , an MOU on coordinating on Satellite launch was also signed .

Currently deals on procurement of 26 Ramale M for Indian Navy and 3 Scorpene class submarines is under negotiation .

Journalist protest – Ministry of Home Affairs had recently issued two weeks notice to French Journalist Vennessa Dougnac to leave India  citing  “ violation “ of VISA rules in connection to her reporting .

30 Foreign Journalists issued a letter to protest over the case .

On Parade ground and skies above , women marchers and pilot steal the show

Highlights of Republic Day celebration :

     Unfurling the National Flag : Major Saumya Shuka unfurled the National flag  . On Republic day falg is unfurled while of Indepence day flag is hoisted .

‘Unfurling’ and ‘Hoisting ‘ are two different techniques to present National flag .

     The Parade’s theme was ‘ Viksit Bharat  ‘and “Bharat Loktantra ki Matruka “ .

     Parade witnessed maiden participation of an all women triaervices contingent .

     For the first time French air and space force joined the flypast with two French Rafales and one A330 MRTT ,  France is the first country to join the flypast .

France military  contingent was the first to participate  in Indian Republic day 2016.

     Over 15 state tablaue  and eight department tabaleu was rolled out .

President’s horse drawn buggy returns to duty at R day event after 40 years .

On Republic day , President Draupadi Murmu along with French President Emanual Macron travelled from Rashtrapati Bhawan on a colonial era open horse buggy .

This presidential carriage has returned  for Republic day celebration after 40 years .

It replaces the Limousine .

The Balck carriage with Gold rims was drawn by six horses .

President I

Chandrayaan helped moon lander make pinpoint landing , says Japan

Japan’s space Agency JAXA has confirmed that Japan’s moon lander  successfully achieved its pinpoint landing on the moon on January 19 .

However  , one of its two Lander engines failed during descent .

As Smart Lander for Investigating  Moon ( SLIM ) , touches down near Shioli crater. JAPAN became the fifth country to soft land a robotic instrument on the Moon . SLIM used maps of moon surface ,on this area acquired by the orbiter of Chandrayaan 2 mission .

The engine’s failure caused SLIM to drift to a spot 55 m east of the actual landing site .

Govt makes it clear that Adhaar no proof of citizenship , birth dates

The New Adhaar Card has started including a disclaimer that says it as a “ proof of identity , not of citizenship , or of date of birth “ . This is being added in both paper based  and pdf Adhaar cards .

Not proof of citizenship – Aadhar card has never been proof of citizenship , as a foreign national is also eligible to get one if they have been living in India for more than 180 days .

Different departments accept Aadhaar card for the purposes reserved for citizens only . For instance , the Election Commission accepts Aadhaar Card for a proof of date of birth for voting  .

Airbus Tata to set up India’s first private copter assembly line

In  the backdrop of Emanual Maacron’s visit to India , Airbus helicopters has announced that it is partnering with Tata group to establish a Fiinal Assembly Line ( FAL ) ,  to produce Airbus’ best selling H125 civil helicopter .

The FAL will be set up by Tata Advanced Systems Limited ( TASL ) in collaboration with Airbus.

The helicopter produced will be exported to neighbouring countries .

Currently Tata and Airbus is making C 295 military transport aircraft in Vadodra .

H125 is the world’s best selling single engine helicopter , it outlcallses other helicopters in its category . It can operate in high and hot and extreme environments and can be easioyt reconfigured for various missions , including aeriel work firefighting .

“ The H125 is the only helicopter to have landed on Mount Everest .



Israel must take measures to prevent Genocidal acts in Gaza and permit a

Israel must prevent Genocidal acts in Gaza , and allow humanitarian aid in Gaza , UN’s top court ruled on Friday .

ICJ was not deciding whether Israel was actually committing genocide or not ,But it issued some important direction to prevent further civilian casualties in Gaza . The directions issued are :

(1)  Israel must “ take  all measures in its power “ to prevent Genocidal acts , and also stop officials making declarations inviting genocide

(2)  The court urged Israel  to take “ immediate and effective measures to enable the provision of urgently needed basic services and humanitarian assistance “ .

Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said “ the charges against Israel  “ is not only false , its outrageous and decent people everywhere should reject it “

During hearing Israel stressed that it was acting in self defense and was doing all to minimise the plight of civilians .

South Africa had accused Israel of “Genocidal” acts in Palestine.

UN agency for Palestinian refugees sacks staff for ‘ role in Hamas attack ‘

 The UN  agency for Palestinian refugees said that it had sacked several of its employees accused by Israel of being involved with Hamad for October 7 attack on Israel .

The head of UNRWA ( UN Relief and Works agency in Palestine and Near East ) Phillipe Lazrinni , vowed  “ to hold accountable include g through criminal prosecution “ any UNRWA employee , found to have taken part in acts of terror .

UN Chief Antonio Gueterras pledged to conduct “ urgent and Comprehensive “ review of UNRWA .

US state department has said that it has “ temporarily paused additional funding to the agency .

US state department suspects involvement of 12 employees in Hamas attack on Israel .

Bodies of 77 Ukrianian soldiers repatriated to Kyiv

Ukraine said on Tuesday that Russia has returned  bodies of 77 Ukrianian prisoners .

65 of these had died in recent accident of Illyisin 2 transport aircraft . Russia initially accused Ukriane of firing anti drone missile that led to the accident . Russia has given orders of investigation .

Ukriane has not denied Russia’s charges , but has accused Russia of whether there were any Ukrianian on the Aircraft .

Alabama in the  US ,uses nitrogen gas in first of its kind execution .

For the first time in US  a man was executed using Nitrogen gas . Masking with Nitrogen gas causes deficiencies of  Oxygen  causing death .

The general method to execute is by Lethal Injection .

Three states in US has authorised Nitrogen Hypoxia for execution , as the drugs used in injection method has become difficult to find.

UK citizen convicted on ‘spying’ charges in China

Swedish PM refuses to negotiate NATO membership with Hungary


Sweedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristresson said on Friday that he would not “ negotiate “ with Hungary over Sweden’s NATO bid .

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