Summary of The Hindu 28th JANUARY 2024

BJP weighs its options in Bihar

Nithis Kumar is likely to resign today and join hands with BJP . BJP party leaders and MLAs held meetings twice on Saturday .

Under the new government with BJP support  Nitish is likely to be the CM , BJP is likely to have two deputy Chief ministers Renu Devi and Sushil Modi .

Bihar Legislature ( Total seats – 243 ,  Required to form govt – 122 ,    RJD – 80 , BJP – 53, JD( U) – 71 )

India and France agree to set up ‘ joint surveillance mission ‘ in Indian Ocean

India and France agreed to intensify their copliperation in the Southwestern India Ocean, building on “ Joint Surveillance Missions’ ‘ , Carried out from French Law Reunion  in 2020 and 2022 .

The joint statement released by Ministry of External Affairs say this .

NeXT put on backburner again as NMC seeks comment from stakeholders

NeXT test has been put on hold again after NMC ( National Medical Commission ) ,the body that regulates Medical education asked for feedback from medical professional to comment on preparation before bringing  the exam .

NMC has given a date till  February 7  for the feedback .

NeXT test is to replace (NEET PG ) for admission in PG courses and FMGE ( Foreign Medical Graduate Exam ) for foreigners to practicing medicine in India .

India Medical Association (IMA ) has been opposing the test .

Hand over Gyanvapi site , VHP asks mosque panel

After ASI made its report on Gyanvapi Mosque public , the Vishwa Hindu Parishad ( VHP ) has asked the Mosque administration to shift the Mosque to some other place . Alok Kumar , International working President of VHP also urged Muslim community to allow Shivpuja  at site .

ASI on its survey report had said that the western wall of the Gyanvapi Mosque is part of a large Hindu temple . The interior of the mosque was built with the help of some of the remainings of the temple .

Earlier SC had allowed “ scientific survey “ of Mosque using “  non  invasive technology  “

. The survey was done using Ground Penetrating Radar ( GPR ) .

Places of Worship Act , 1991 – Places of Worship Act 1991 talks of keeping the status of religious places same as they existed in August 15 ,1947 .

Jarange Patil ends stir after govt offers OBC benefits to Marathas

Jarange Patil the  Maratha activists on Monday ended his indefinite fast after. Maharashtra govt issued a notification that Marathas will get all facilities that a OBC gets until it’s Assembly makes  law to  give Maratha Kunbis the OBC status .

Jarange Patil was on fast since 26 January at Azad Maidan in Mumbai .


Britain , Italy and Finland pause funding for UN agency in Gaza

Britain , Italy and Finland became the latest countries to stop funding to UNRWA .

US , Canada and Australia has already paused their funding .

This came after an allegation by Israel that 12 UNRWA employees were involved in the October 7 attack by Hamas .

Washington approves sale of F-16 jets to Turkey

After Turkey Parliament ratified  Sweden’s NATO bid . US has cleared a 23 billion dollar deal to sell 40 F16 to Turkey , the deal also includes upgradation of 79     F16  with Turkey .

The US Congress has also cleared a deal of about 8.6 billion dollars to sell 40 F35 to Greece .

F16, F 35 these are considered to be the most advanced Fighter jets currently in function.


Australian Open

Women’s Singles : Aryana Sabaleka  won AO 2024 by defeating. China’s Zheng Quinwen

Doubles : Rohan Bopanna and Ebden won AO doubles men .

Bopanna and Ebden are currently world no 1 .


1.What is Ladakh’s demand on Gilgit Baltistan ?

Ladakh’s two socio economic bodies Leh Alex Body ( LAB ) and Kargil Democratic Alliance ( KDA ) are in talks with the Ministry of Home Affairs regarding several of their demands . Recently they submitted a memorandum to extend territorial control of Ladakh up to Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir .

Why this demand ?

Prior to 1947 , the Ladakh district also comprised the Gilgit Baltistan area , which is now occupied by Pakistan .

The memorandum highlights this fact  in favor of its demand .

Other demand of Ladakh Civil Society groups

     Restoration of State good for Gaza ,

     Special status under sixth schedule and Article 371 .

     Establishment of Ladakh Public Sevice Commission that will have exclusive rights  to recruit officials .

Ladakh has a population of 2.74 lakh , with 46 % Muslim , 40% Buddhist and 12% Hindus .

2.Why Punjab is in court over BSF’s power

In 2021 the government of  India increased the Jurisdiction of Border Security Force ( BSF ) , which chiefly focuses on trans order crimes , – from 15 km to 50 km , inside international borders in the states of Punjab , West Bengal and Assam .

Punjab govt has criticized this move , it has ultimately moved to Supreme Court , which has fixed the third week of April for hearing the lawsuit .

3.Can malaria vaccine rollout be scaled up ?

On January 22  Cameroon in  Africa , became the first country in the world to launch the RTS , a malaria vaccine for children in Routine national immunization service .

Twenty-one countries aim to roll out such programmes this year . The vaccine has been made under UNICEF initiative by UK based GSK .

About Malaria

Malaria is the biggest killer of children across the world. In 2022 , more than half the country’s population was at risk of malaria .

Africa amounts to the highest burden with 94% of cases and 95% of deaths .


According to a recent report by WHO , India accounts for 66% of malaria cases in South East Asia .

India has made progress in reducing its maraia burden . It has a vision to be a malaria free country by 2027 , and elimination by 2030.


Minimal radioactive discharges from Indian nuclear plant : study

Western Equine Encephalitis outbreak in Argentina :


Western Equine Encephalitis is a mosquito borne  disease .

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