Summary of The Hindu 18th JANUARY 2024

Pak slams strikes by Iran , recalls envoy

Pakistan recalled its ambassador to Tehran on Wednesday , a day after Iran launched air strikes on Pakistan .

Iranian ambassador , who was visiting Tehran when the attack took place , not to return  . Iran immediately did not acknowledge Pakistan’s decision .

Mumtaz Zahra Baloch , the spokesperson for Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry said “ Last night’s unprovoked and blatant breach of Pakistan’s sovereignty by Iran is a violation of international law and the purposes and principles of the charter of the UN “ she said in a televised address .

On Tuesday Iranian state media had reported that Iran’s Parliamentary Revolutionary Guard targeted bases belonging to militant group Jaish e Adl  . Later Jaish e Adl acknowledged the Iranian strike in a shared online statement. . The group said that the attack killed two children ,  two women and a teenage girl .

Jaish e Adl is a Sunni separatist group .

It seeks independence from Balochistan and has spread across Afghanistan and Iran .

The group has claimed responsibility for several attacks against Iran’s military . The group cooperates with Sunni separatist group in Iran .

India defends Iran , cited its position on no compromise on terrorism

India has backed Iran citing its missile strike in Balochistan as “ self defense “ .

External Affairs Ministry spokesperson in a statement said “ Insofar as India is concerned , we have an uncompromising position of zero tolerance towards terrorism . We understand the action that countries take in their self defense “ .

The strike came a day after EAM S. Jaishankar visited Iran and met his counterpart ..

Crack down on hate speech , incitement to violence , says SC

The  Supreme Court on Monday said that authorities need to be “ cautious that no incitement of violence and hate speech are permissible “ . The court underscored it while ordering Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh police and local authorities to keep an eye on public events planned by Hindu Janjagruti samiti .

The court has ordered authorities to keep a close eye on incitement to violence , hate speech in coming  events by a few Hindu Organisations .

96.SC will hear appeal filed by Uddhav camp on January 22

 The Supreme Court on Wednesday listed for January 22 , hearing of an appeal filed by the Shiv Sena ( UBT ) by faction against the Maharashtra assembly ‘s decision to dismiss disqualification proceedings against CM Eknath Shinde and MLAs supporting him .

Earlier Maharashtra Assembly speakers called Shiv Sena of Eknath Shinde as the real Shiv Sena . And rejected any move to disqualify there MLAs .

PM inaugurated three infrastructure projects worth ₹4000 crore in Kochi

PM Modi launched infrastructure projects totalling ₹4000 crore  in Kochi .

A new dry dock , an International shipment  Repair Faculty ( ISRF ) and an LPG import terminal of Indian Oil Corporation  Ltd .

Dry dock – It would enable vessels to dock here for repair .

ISRF  would transform Kochi to South Asia’s largest ship terminal .

LPG import terminal would meet the LPG needs of Kochi , Kozhikode , Coimbatore , Erode , Salem , Madurai and Trichy .

PM Modi on this occasion said that  turnaround time for ships in India has decreased .

Disproportionate  act : CPR on FCRA license cancellation

The Center for Policy Research ( CPR ) , foreign donations to fund “ protests and legal battles against  developmental projects “ and misutilised foreign contribution to “ affect India’s economic interests “ , a government said on Wednesday .

 The government said that CPR was producing current affairs programmes using foreign funds , which is a violation under Section 3 of FCRA act .

CPR in its statement said “ We remain steadfast in our belief that this matter will be resolved in line with Constitutional values and guarantees .

9The Indian Navy to have mixed marching contingent at Republic day Parade

The Indian Navy will have a mixed marching contingent this year .

The contingent this time on Republic Day will consist of 144 men and women . This is the first time that the Women contingent of the Navy will participate along with male in the R Day Parade World

Why did Iran carry out strikes in Iraq , Syria and Pakistan ?

96.cember 15 ,2023 – A Police station in Rask in Iran’s Sistan province was targeted by Jaish Al Adl ( the army of Justice ) . 11 Iranian Security personnel died .

December 25 ,2023 – Brigadier General Sayyid Razo Maussavi , a senior advisor of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard’s corps (IRGC ) was killed in an airstrike ,in a southern suburb of Damascus  . Tehran blames Israel for this , Israel neither confirmed nor denied its role .

January 3 , 2024 – 94 people were killed in a memorial blast in Karman in Iran in twin blasts .

The Islamic State – Khorasan , the Afghanistan based branch of Islamic state claimed it’s responsibility .

On January 15 – 16 , Iran launched three attacks in Iraq , Syria and Pakistan and claimed to have carried out retaliatory strikes against all the three previously discussed strikes .

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Israel escaltes Gaza strike after medicine for aid deal

Israel stepped up strike on the south of war torn Gaza , on Wednesday ,ahead of expected delivery of medicines for hostages in exchange for humanitarian aid under a newly brokered deal . The deal was brokered by Qatar and France .

Under the deal 45 Israeli hostages with Hamas will get medicines in exchange for humanitarian aid for Palestinian civilians .

China’s population falls for second straight year

 

The.  decline in population reflects decline in birth rate . The decline in fertility rate is a long term economic and societal challenge for China . Experts expect the population decline to continue for decades , even if fertility rates rebound .

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