Summary of The Hindu 31 may 2023 Current Affairs — — —




31/05/2023






















THE HINDU    31-05-23

NATIONAL

Ø Amit Shah appeals for 15
day peace in Manipur

Union Home Minister on Tuesday appealed
for a 15 day –peace in Manipur during a meeting with KUKI civil society group
in Churachandpur district
, a member of Kuki group said.

            The
Centre is also likely to announce a Judicial inquiry headed by retired
Supreme Court Judge to probe violence in Manipur
, Muan Tombing, general
secretary of Indigenour Tribal Leaders Forum (ITLF) told The HINDU.

Mr. Tombing said that Home Minister
appealed them to surrender arms but they told that they won’t surrender till Aarambai Tenggol and
Meitie Leepan surrender their looted weapons from police arm our.

After May 3 violence, as many as 1420
weapons were looted from police camps, out of which 500 have been recovered so
far.




A home minister statement has said “ Peace
and Prosperity of Manipur is top Priority” and anybody disturbing peace will be
strictly dealt.

 On 2nd day of visit Mr. Shah
met members of civil society organization and a group of women leaders of the
Meitie community in Imphal and Kuki-Zomi community in Churachandpur district.

On Wednesday Mr. Shah will travel to Moreh
and Kangko Kpi to met the tribal group.

            Coordinating
Committee on Manipur integrity (COCOMI) said bifurication of Manipur cannot be
accepted.

 Groups in Manipur






 

Arambai Tenggol and Meitic Leepun

Had looted about 1420 weapons from state
police camps, 500 recovered. Against Kuki Tribes and Pro Meitic.

Kukis are talking that they will not
surrender their weapons until there group surrender.

Ø Clashes in Manipur nothing
to do with counter insurgency

Chief Defence Staff (CDS) General Anil
Chauhan was on visit of Manipur. He was checking whether insurgency has
reappeared in Manipur.

            “The
situation in Manipur has nothing to do with counter-insurgency and is primarily
a clash between two ethinicities. It is a law-and-order type of situation and
we are helping the state government with the problem. General Anil Chauhan
said.

            Centre and State govt. has decided
to give a compensation of ₹ 10 lakh to those who died in ethnic
conflict.

 

Ø Wrestlers defer plan to immerse
medals.




Wrestlers On Tuesday gathered on banks of Ganga at
Haridwar to immerse their medals as an act of protest Just two days after their
eviction from Jantar Mantar.

            Wrestlers
were stopped by Naresh Tikait, he took their medals and has given five day time
to grapplers who are secking the arrest of Wrestling Federation of India (WFI)
chief Brij Bhushan Sharan.

            Earlier
Wrestlers had planned to merge their medals in Ganga and sit on Fast unto death
at India gate.

            Delhi
Police has however told that they won’t allow such protest in High Security
zone areas including India gate.

            Wrestlers
were shown support by political parties such as AAP, Congress, TMC.

 

Ø Government drops plan to
host SCO summit in Delhi will now be in virtual format.

22nd SCO summit is seheduled
on 4 June 2023. It was to be held in person, where Head of members state were
to participate in New Delhi. But Ministry of external Affairrs (NEA) has told
that it will be now held in virtual format, not in person as planned before,
not in person as planned before. However, no reason has been given for this
change.

            Some
reasons that could be as told by diplomatic sources is :-

·       
Scheduling problem

·       



Countries like China and Pakistan has still not replied to
the invitation send to them.

·       
Security issues with President Putin.

SCO Members

India, Pakistan, Russia,
China, Kazakistan, Uzbekistan, Tazikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan is a
perment invitee while Iran, Belarus and Mongolia has been invited as observer
states.

Ø India keen to boost ties
with Combodia.

Combodian King Sihamoni is on official
visit to India. Welcoming King of Combodia at Rashtrapati Bhawan President
Murmu said India is keen to further elevate its defence relations with Combodia
besides increasing tourism and people-to-people contacts.

“We value our shared history and
consider Combodia as our civilization sister country” Ms. Murmu said COMBODIA
is an ASEAN Member. In ancient times Hinduism was here currently it is mostly
Buddhist country. The Famous ANGKORVAT TEMPLE which is one of the largest
temple in world is in Combodia.

 

Ø Khalistan reference removed
from class XII NCERT textbook.




Reference of a creation of a separate Sikh nation by
Khalistani has been dropped from class XII Political Science book.

 Ø Congress meets President
seeking high level panel to probe Manipur Violence.

Congress President Mallikarjuna Kharge
led an eight member delegation to meet President and sought her intervention to
restore Peace in Violence hit Manipur.

 Ø Yechury asks Congress to
Join AAP’s fight against Union govt. in Delhi Services row.

AAP leader Arvind Kejriwal met CPI (M)
Sitaram Yechury. Congress has decided not to support Arvind Kejriwal in
ordinance being passed in Rajya Sabha.

Centre had brought ordinance that gave
L-9 of Delhi power which SC has taken.

 Ø Opposition Parties together
at national level : Says Mamta

 

WORLD

 

Ø Drones hit Moscow buildings
as Kyiv struck for 3rd day

In an unprecedented attack, a swarm of
dronws hit Moscow.




            3 drones
hit residential buildings in Moscow. No one has got injured in this.

Russian Defence Minister blamed Ukraine
for there, it said that eight drones were used in the attack, five were downed
and three disabled.

            Russia
on other hand hit Ukraine with 31 drones out of which 29 was downed by Ukranie
Defence System. Ukrainian authorities told.

            Ukranie
has not taken responsibility of attack on Moscow.

  Ø CHINA declined meeting with
Llyod Austin : Pentagon.

Pentagon has said that Beijing has
declined a US invitation for a meeting in Singapore between Defence Secretary
Lloyd Austin and his Chinese Counterpart Li Shangfu.

            “Overnight,
the PRC informed the US that they have declined our early May invitation for
Secretary Austin to meet with PRC Minister of National Defence Li Shangfu in
Singapore this week” Pentagon Spokesperson said.

When asked to Chinese spokeswoman Mao
Ming she said “The US should earnestly respect China’s concern of sovereignty,
security and interests, immediately, correct its incorrect action, show
sincerity and create the atmosphere and conditions for China-US military
dialogue”




Ø NATO soldiers  on guard in KOSOVO serb town after clashes.

Dozens of NATO troops secured a
municipal building in the KOSOVO town of Zvecan on Tuesday a day after 30 NATO
Soldiers and 52 Serb protesters were injured in clashes. EU and NATO officials
said this unacceptable.

            Unrest
In the region interrified since Ethnic Albamian mayors took office in northern
KOSOVO.

  KOSOVO – It is a landlocked country. It
was a part of SERBIA, but in 2008 it unilaterally declared independence. 101 UN
Country recognize KOSOVO a country.




US Recognises KOSOVO a country. Russia doesnot recognize
KOSOVO  as a country. It favours SERBIA
which tells that unilateral declaration of independence by KOSOVO is not right.

            Capital
– PRISTINA

 Ø Chinese mission with first
civilian reaches space.

On Tuesday, China send 3 astranauts to
TIAGONG its space station putting civilians into orbit for the first time as it
pursue plan to send a criwed mission to the Moon by 2030.

It became 3rd country to do
so.

 

Ø Theranos founder Elizabeth
Holmes begins prison term.

 

Ø Elon musk meets Chinese
Foreign Minister Qin Gang during a visit.

  

EDITORIAL-1

UNIVERSAL COVER

 

IRAAI’S Plan to expand risk protection levels need
govt. backing.

 

Ø What the editorial is all
about ?

Recently IRDAI announced fresh measures
that can revolutionaries insurance sector in India. The editorial talks about
those. It further talks about measures govt. need to be taken further.

 

Ø


About
IRDAI announcement

IRDAI – 
Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of India is insurance
regulatory of India.

 

BIMA VISTAR – Life and general
insurance will be combined and a simple policy will be offered to customers.

Woman led gram Sabha initiative will be
launched to educate villagers about benefits of insurance.

 

BIMA SUGAM – A platform will be
developed that will integrate insurers, customers and distributors. States
digital death registries will be linked with this. Life insurances will be
settled in hours and days through this portal.

            What
steps govt. need to take further to increase insurance. Correctly life
insurance forms 4.2% and general insurance 1%. So there is not of room for
increasing both.

            Private
sector participation will be crucial in expanding insurance sector . State need
to lower GST from current 18% on insurance, it will help further.

 

   ARTICLE/OPINION -1

 

Ø The short history of a
large note.

 

Ø What the article is all
about ?

The writer talks about ₹
2000 notes, issues with this and way ahead.

 

Ø Problem with 2000 notes





2000 introduced had a new size. The ATM machines had to be recaliberated. This
was a huge exercise with engineers visiting ATM Centres manually and spend few
hours to recaliberate it.

·       
Quality of notes were not that good, many notes
poorly printed.

·       
₹ 2000 notes was used in hoarding
doing illegal activities.

In market no one was that interested in doing transaction with ₹
2000, because of its size.

 

Ø What Next ?

Though some tell that there is need for
larger notes. But its not a good idea. Govt should give push to digital
currency, e-rupee which will be a perfect substitute of it. Digital transaction
through UPI has already minimized its need.

 

Ø Unboxing the ‘export turn
around’ in India’s by story

India has recently become net exporter
of toys.

Reason for success

·       
PM MODI’s push of “Make of India” even
pushing for it in his “Mann ki Baat” programme.

 

Ø Clean Energy Funds rise,
but mostly in China, Europe, US

According to a latest report of
International Energy Agency ( IEA ), it shows that investment in clean energy
has increased particularly in field of Electric Vehicle and renewable energy.
Also this has been mostly in advanced economic in China.




            The
increase/decrease in annual clean energy investment; 2019-2023 in billion $

 

ENGLISH

HINDI

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