Summary of The Hindu 29th NOVEMBER 2023

Tunnel ordeal ends , all trapped workers rescued

With 41 workers walked out of the collapsed Silkyara tunnel in Uttarkashi after 17 days .

A jubilant mood prevailed outside the tunnel .

NDMA brought them outside the tunnel . They have been advised to keep under observation for 48 to 72 hours .CM Dhami has announced ₹1 lakh compensation for each worker .

Rat  hole miners were used to dig through 55 meters of the debris horizontally , On Tuesday about 12 Rat hole miners dig last 10 meter stretch . Rat hole mining is a technique which was banned in 2014 by National Green Tribunal because the practice was dangerous .

Rat hole miners used to dig 4 – 5 feet in. Coal mines and extract coal the practice is very dangerous .

Multiple govt agencies and international experts participated in rescue efforts .

SC asks Manipur to ensure last rites of violence victims

Supreme Court on Tuesday ordered that the unidentified bodies and other identified bodies of Manipur violence which are kept in Mortuary indefinitely deserved a dignified farewell and directed state to ensure their last rights .

169 identified bodies are there lying in Mortuary since may .

The court appointed Gita Mittal committee has said that the a civil society groups were trying to bury the bodies between the two states that could increase tension  between the two communities .

 20 critical mineral blocks to go for sale

The govt will launch the first round of action of critical and strategic minerals across the country on Wednesday , putting 20 blocks under the hammer . The auction will take place online , and sale of tender documents will begin on Wednesday , the mines and  ministry said in a statement on Thursday .

“ Details of mineral blocks , auction terms , timelines etc . Can be accessed on MSTC auction platforms , “ it said .

“ This is a landmark initiative that will boost our economy , enhance national security , and support our transition to clean energy to future “ the ministry said .

Critical minerals are very critical to renewable energy , defense and agriculture .

Israel will restart bombing Gaza on d hostages are release , ceasefire end , say envoy .

Israel ambassador to India Noar Gilon said that Israel will resume bombing on Gaza as soon as the hostage deal completed .

He further expressed hope that India will designate Hamas as a terrorist organisation .

“ As long as they continue to release hostages , for every ten hostages  will exchange hostages by a day .

SC panel submits report on Manipur victims

The Supreme Court appointed committee submitted a report on “  ex gratia to the next to the kin of deceased “ to the court on Tuesday .

The report mentions details of ex-gratia compensation given to families of 169 people who were killed and have been identified .

Of 166 civilians killed 98 are from Kuki Zo community while 67 hail from Meitei community .

The data is for the violence between May 3 to October 7 shows that families of fewer than half the victims have received compensation between ₹5 lakh and ₹ 10 lakh .While 38 families including one from Meitei community .

Nearly 20 lakh individuals take part in Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra : Ministry

Nearly 20 lakh individuals took part in Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra , which was launched by prime minister Narendra Modi in Jharkhand’s Khunti in November 15.  According to Information and broadcasting ministry .

World

More captives to be freed as Israel – Hamas truce deal extended

A new group of Israeli hostages were due to be freed on Tuesday on in exchange for Palestinians prisoners , as Israel and Hamas accused each other of violating an extended truce .

Israel and Hamas is under pressure for extended version of not to return to an all out fighting .

Currently talks are going on between the two parties  in Doha ( Qatar ) , mediated by US , Egypt and Qatar .

Israeli leaders has has insisted that their campaign to crush Hamas will resume once they have received as many hostages as possible  in exchange for Palestinian Prisoners

Sunak cancels meeting with Greek PM due to row over ancient sculpture

UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak cancelled his meeting with visiting Greek Prime Minister Kyriokos Mitsokatis on Monday , over the latter’s comment on ancient sculpture houses in British museum . Instead Mr. Mitsokatis was given offer to meet UK’s deputy Prime Minister which he declined .

The Parthenon sculpture or Elgin Marble was brought by British museum in 1816 from Thoms Bruce  who was at that time , British ambassador .A part of structure is still in Athens .

Critics have claimed that Thomas Bruce ( Lord Elgin ) had stole the structure . The British Museum however refuted the claim saying his acquisition was “ entirely legal “ .

 

Elgin Marbles that is in British Museum.

Xi says China must protect foreign forms right and IP

Chines President Xi Jinping has ordered greater protection for international firms right and intellectual property , state media reported on Tuesday  , as Beijing works to lure foreign companies spooked by crackdown and ailing economy .

Mr. Xi in a written speech to an APEX summit of  chief executives   this month invited to invest , promising “ heartwarming measures to make it easier for foreign companies to invest and operate in China “ .

After Biden , more world leaders signal  they may skip COP 28

Conference of Parties (COP 28 ) will start from 28 November and will end on 12 December  . UAE ( Dubai ) is being  hosting the event .

PM Modi will participate on 30 November and 1 December . Many world leaders like Joe Biden and Syrian President has signaled that they wont be participating in this .

The reason for absence of Joe Biden is Israel Hamas war , an official spokesperson has told .

It is unclear whether President Benjamin Netanyahu will attend the talks .

Chinese Navy ships arrive in Myanmar for holding joint drill

Three Chinese Navy ships have arrived in Myanmar for joint drills with its navy .

Editorial

Time for action

CoP 28 must compel it’s signatories to take definitive action

The editorial is about the  COP 28 to starting in Dubai from 28 November . World leaders from about 190 countries will be participate in this  ..

The current challenge before the world is to restrict rising temperature by 1.5 degree celsius  . But it seems very unlikely . A recent report of UN said that even in most optimistic circumstances the  world will warm by 2.5 degree to 3 degree celsius by the end of this century .

There has been agreement over developed country financing developing countries  for climate financing .In this regard some major issues that are going to be here is : conclusion of Global stockate and the operationalisation of loss and damage fund .

A  non – starter

All India service for judges must ensure higher diversity

Recently president Draupadi Murmu during the Constitution day speech in Supreme court proposed formation of All India Judicial Services ( AIJS ) for the recruitment of judges in Civil courts . Earlier the proposal was it rejected by 13 of 15 high courts .

Article 312 of the constitution provides for the creation of a All India Judicial Services and requires the resolution requires adoption by council of states with two third majority.

AIJS will be similar to civil services exam .

 

Editorial talks about several hurdles like many preferring private sector.

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