Global coal demand likely to decline by 2.3% by 2036 : IEA
A recent report on Coal by International Energy Agency ( IEA ) has said that despite production of coal reaching a record high this year , the production of coal is going to decline by 2026 .
The report has following main points
● Global demand of coal rising by 1.4% in 2023 , surpassing 8.5 billion tonnes
● Demand in EU and USA is expected to fall by 20% in 2023 , while it is expected to rise 8% in India and 5% in China .
Fossil fuel emission is one of the main reasons behind global warming , Developing countries like India and China has to increase their coal production because of increasing demand of power .
‘ Kashi Tamil Sangamam is strengthening the idea of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat
PM Modi inaugurated second Kashi Tamil Sangamam in Varanasi on Sunday . On this occasion PM Modi said that with this Samgam , the idea of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat is getting strengthened .PM Modi in his speech highlighted how saints from Southern India like Adi Sankaracharya and Ramanujacharya visited Kashi .
The programme is organized by Ministry of Education , celebrates , reaffirms and rediscovers age old link between Varanasi and TamilNadu . BHU and IIT Madras jas joined hands for success of Samgam.
PM inaugurates Surat Diamond Bourse in Gujarat , says it will add 1.5 lakh more jobs
PM Narendra Modi on Sunday inaugurated Surat Diamond Bourse ( SDB ) , the world’s largest and international center for Diamond business , and Jewellery business .
SDB is made in an area of 67 lakh square feet . It has nine buildings of 15 floors each . With offices ranging from 300 square feet to 75000 square feet , it is aimed at shifting diamond business from Mumbai to Surat .
Inaugurating SDB PM Modi said “ Surat Diamond business provides employment to eight lakh people and with coming of new diamond bourse , 1.5 lakh more jobs will be added . “
Surat is hub of diamond cutting and Polishing in India . But the industry currently is facing crisis due to Global economic slowdown and G7 tough stance on Russian Diamond s.
PM Modi also inaugurated new terminal building of Surat Airport . Surat Airport has recently been given international Airport status . With this Gujrat has now 3 working International Airports in the name of Ahmedabad , Rajkot , Surat . Dholera International Airport is still in construction stage .
Indigenously built Unit 4 at Kakrapar attains critically
The fourth unit of Kakrapar Atomic Power project ( KAPP ) project in Gujrat started controlled fission chain reaction and thus became critical on Sunday . Kakrapar is about 80 km from Surat .
Unit four of Kakrapar plant has capacity of 700 MWe each and and are among the largest nuclear power reactors ever built . The previous highest capacity of indigenously built reactor was 540 MWe
Cyberthreats : Center sets up secure email Network for staff of critical department
In the wake up of cyberattacks , government has set up a secure email Network for 10,000 users in critical ministries and department , a senior govt officials has said , The email service has been designed by NIC ( National Informatics Center ) and will be managed by Zoho , a India based software maker .
In these emails along with User name and password , facial recognition of biometrics will be required
SCs were never counted in Andaman : now a house committee sits up and takes notice
The Parliamentary Committee on Welfare of SCs and STs has headed by BJP MP Kirit Prem Bhai Solanki has noted that there is a “ significance presence of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribe in the Andman and Nicobar islands “ suggesting that they should be considered for welfare schemes and services matters .
Dalits in Andman and Nicobar has been clubbed into Othee Backward Class ( OBC ) , category by Union territory administration .
Decades after Parliamentary panel has called for a special panel to sort out the issue faced by SCs here
Over 60 feared dead as migrant vessel capsizes of the coast Libya, says UN
A boat carrying 86 migrants capsized near Zuwara town in western Libya . 61 migrants died because of drowonig . The figures was released by UN human rights commission .
Mediteranean route through Libya is one of the major routes for migrants from Africa trying to enter Europe .
Problem with Migrants
Many times , because of lack of good boats and overcrowding the boats the ships capsizes leaving many dead .
More than 2250 have died on the central Europe route this year . About 14,900 migrants have been intercepted and returned to Libiya this year .
Kuwait’s Emir Sheikh Nawaf laid to rest in low key ceremony
Kuwait’s Emir Sheikh Nawaf who died on Sunday has been buried in alow key affair
. Representatives from Around the world has arrived . From India Petrolum Minister , Hardeep Singh Puri arrived in Kuwait . Mr. Puri will deliver letter of condolences from Prime Minister side
Text and Context
On selecting Election Commissioner
On December 12 Rajya Sabha passes the Chief Election Commissioner ( CEC ) and Election Commisioner ( EC ) appointment bill , 2023 . It provides procedure for appointment of CEC and EC .
What does the constitution say?
Article 324 talks about appointment of CEC and EC . Constitution says that appointment will be subject to law made by Parliament .
The appointment till now was made by government .
Ruling of SC ?
A PIL was filed which was concerned about the independence of EC and CEC . SC held directed govt to make any law about the appointment of EC and CEC , and till the law is made a committee of PM , Leader of Opposition and Chief Justice of India .
What does proposed law provide
The law proposes CEC and EC to be appointed by President on recommendation of a selection committee , committee consists of PM , Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and A Union Minister appointed by PM .
Leaving CJI from selection committee is one of the reasons it is being criticized . Two members from govt is other point of criticism .
An Overview to European Union’s Artificial Intelligence Act
EU has implemented its own act on AI , to promote innovation and tackle ethical issues with AI , so that AI use be responsible .
Strength and Limitations of the Act
● AI application has been categorised into different risk levels from , ranging from unacceptable to low
● AI practices that were deemed unacceptable are : social credit scoring system for government purposes. , Predictive Policing applications , and AI systems that manipulative individuals such as emotional recognition system at work or education ,
● It require developers to give clear instructions about transperancy and accountability of AI
● Higher risk AI applications like Medical devices , biometric identification and access to justice and Services mist undergo assessment processes conducted by a third party entities ,