THE HINDU 17/05/2023
Don’t create atmosphere of fear SC caution ED
SC on Tuesday told that ED should work like it doesn’t create n “atmosphere of fear”
A bench of justice SK. Kaul and Ashanuddin Amanuallah said that even a “bone fide cause” would seem suspect if a law enforcement agency in away conducted . itself in a way that created atmosphere of fear .
A petition was filed by Chhattisgarh govt that alleged that ED was “running amok” to “implicate” CM Bhupesh Bhagat in a money laundering case linked to ₹2000 crore Liquir scam .
Apex court transfers endosulfam case to Kerala high court
The SC on Tuesday transferred to Kerala High Court the responsibility to monitor the measure taken by state to provide medical and palliative care for victim of endosulfem contamination .
The court said that as the compensation has been paid to victim only medical and palliative case facilities will be imported and Kerela High Court will look into that from time to time.
In 2017 SC had directed Kerala govt to pay ₹5 lakh to each victim of endosulfan. There are 3700 victim .May 2023 ::::- SC had directed the Kasargod legal service authorities to look into medical and palliative case facilities provided to endosulfam victim.
Of the victim , 102 are bedridden, 326 are mentally challenged ,201 are physically disabled ,119 are wrecked by cancer while 2966 other fall in the residual category .
Endosulfan is a pesticides which was widely used in 1980 and 1990 cashew planters in Kasargod district of Kerala had been using about 20 years by spraying through manual pumps.
This resulted in several health related issue new born were born with genetic diseases . it also heavily affected animals and bird around. The district; many of it got.
Vanished from area.
Þ In 2005 kerala govt banned endosulfan.
Þ In 2011, 7th meeting of Stockholm convention President Organic Pollutants (POP) placed a globall ban over manufacturing and use of endosulfan.
Þ In 2011, SC banned use, sale and manufacturing of endosufan
PM to visit Japan, Papua New Guinea and Australia
PM Modi schedule announced by Ministry of external affairs (NEA) may 19-21.
Hiroshima, japan for G7 SUMMIT . Talks will be over peace , stability and prosperity of a sustainable plant ; and food , fertilizer and energy security.
From Japan he will reach Port Morsely where he will host 3r summit of the forum for India-pacific Island co-operation >
MAY 22-24 ———– attend QUAD in SYDNEY , Australia .
Not violating sanction on Russian says center EU minister Josep Borrell had meeting with India’s Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar in Brassels . the talker were related to trade technology.
Thus circumventing sanction on Russia. It had called these countries “Laundromats”
Centre reject US govt report citing electeriorrating religious freedom in India.
US had recently released “Report on International Religious freedom” the report had alleged violence against Muslim communities, Christian and Dalit in India.
It had criticized anti conversion law, Hizab etc.
MEA spokesperson Arindam Bagchi Called its “misinformation” and “motivated”
“ reqretabbllly, such reports continue to be based on misinformation and flawed understanding”. He said he further said “motivated” and Mr. Borrell earlier had aid that Europe should not permit the entry of refined petroleum product from India that are made from russian oil.
Govt. of India denied these charges of violation of sanction , govt told that it was possible to fully identify the origins of petroleum products being sold in Europe.
Mr Jaishankar while replaying to a question said the entire contension is baslen “Russian grade, if sustain billing refined in 3rd country .is not treated on Russian anymore” he referred EV council regulation 033/3014.
Earlier CREA a finland based think tank had allegal that India and four other countries were buying Russian oil and selling refined products to European contries biased commentary by some Us Officials only serves to undermime creadibility of these report
Khasi council ordere om father’s surname set off war of word in matrilineal set off war of word in mattrilliead Meghalaya
Khasi person who adopts surname of his father will nt be issued schedule tribe (ST) certificate.
Khasi society is matrilineal with woman being head of family. A boys has to be move to girls home after marriage . the right to property goes to woman of the family.
Khasi is one of the three major tribe of Meghalaya . other two being ‘Garos’ and ‘Jaintiyas’
Under 6th schedule of indian constitution special power an more autonomy has been given to Meghalaya .
KHADC comes for special power under 6th schedule
Voice of people party [VPP]. Which won 4 legislative seats is protesting against the recent decision of tribal council.
Monsoon to set in over Kerala on June 4: IMD
India moves closer to getting its first Indigenous vaccine against dengue
Serum institute of India will conducting phase 3 trail for Dengue vaccine from august this year.
SII and Panacea Biotic has agreed to collaborate with Indian council of medical research (ICMR).
Dengue vaccine developed will be India’s first indigeneous vaccine .
It is among WHO’s top 10 global health threats.
An estimated 100-400 millions cases are reported every year. Out of this 80% is mild and only 20% show concern.
In india 2-2.5 lakh cases are reported annually.
NHRC flags rise in child abuse content on social media.
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has taken Suo Motu cagnisana on a media reported that cited a increase in 250-300% of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) on social media in India. The NHRC said the origin of content is foreign soil.
Five more death take spurious liquor toll to 22
Two more person in T.N’s villupuram district and 3 in chenqualpattu district have died .
NHRC has sought reports from chief secretory and DGP.
CBI searches 9 premises linked to RJD,MP in land – for-job case.
Officials have told that militants are shifting their focus to the Ares which were not affected by militants bw 2007 and 2019.
Poonchh- Rajauri sector in jammu has thin military presence but recent incidence has shown 18 death -10 army jawann and millitants this year.
One the reason is that the track here is very difficult .
Collegium recommends A.P. chief justice senior advocated as SC judges.
Andhra Pradesh chief justice—— Prashan kr. Mishra
Senior advocated ——————–K.V. vishwanath
Þ Manoj Soni new chairperson of UPSC
Ukraine claims it shot down barrage of Russian missiles
In a high intense attack on Tuesday Russia launched 18 missile over Kyiv. Through Ukraine has claimed that it shot down all 18 missiles with PATRIOT MISSLES DEFFENCE SYSTEM.
Ukrainian defense minister tweeted “another unbelievable success”.
Patriot defense system was given to Ukraine by America .
It is 3rd time in recent times that Russia has tried to hit Kyiv with barrage of missiles.
No agreement in devolution talk with President Ranil
On Monday Srilanka President Ranil Wickremensinghe meet Tamil Legislature but no agreement was reached between the two parties.
Demand of Tamil group
Þ A new constitution based on right to internal self determination .
Þ Early conduct of provincial election ( for over five years provincial council).
Þ There was no decision taken in this meeting. Tamil leaders have accused president Wickeramsinghe of being not interested in political in political solution of Tamils.
Þ Tamils forms a major minority residing mainly in northern end and eastern part of srilanka
Nepal ex-PM Deuba’s Kin part of arm deal with Beijing says MP.
A member of Nepalese Pratinidhi sabha has allegal that brother-in-law of former PM sher Bahadur Deuba IS Involved in deal for Nepal to purchase items such as Aremoured Personnal Carrier (APC’s) and tactical vehicles worth at least 6 billion Nepal Rupees.
Imran backers who turned violent to face trial under pak army laws.
Pakistan’s civilian and military leaders son Tuesday said those who attack state assets and military installation to protest the arrest of former PM Imran khan will tried under army laws.
Two group clashed in Dara Adam Khel along the Afghanistan border .
Azerbaijan makes arrestes over fresh coup plot blamed Imran
Nine Azerbaijan nationals has been arrested in this regards .
India must not excessively rely on a few large markets
What are editorial is all about?
In April, that is first month of g=financial year 2023-24,goods export fellto $34 billion the editorial talks about the fall in goods exports.it also talks about the factors that can affect goods and import in coming years.
Which type of goods does India export? What is the figures for financial year 2022-23?
India exports mainly
· Minerals oil and products
· Pearls, precious storms and metals
· Machinery and parts
· Organic chemicals
· Pharma chemical products
· Electrical machinery and parts etc.
India’s goods exports stood by $447.6 billion with 6.23% growth in 2022-23 financial year.
What does the data of PRIL 2023 SHOW
The goods exports slumped to $34.6 billion in April 2023it was lowest since last October 12.7% below April 2022 exports.
Imports shrinks sharper and fell to $50 billion
New foreign trade policy aims to achieve exports $2 trillion by 2030.
What does the slump mean and what needs to be done ahead?
The slumps is because of global slowdown. The good thing here is imports have also felt and trade deficit has reached a low . Balancing and minimizing trade deficit should not be the focus. Focus should to be improve exports for this India will need to pursue a greater integration with global value chain. This can be done and ibeing done reducing price of items , by strengthening supply chain
Trade deficit → EXPORTS –IMPORTS (-ve)
Financial year → from 1 april to 30 march
WEAKER BY THE YEAR
Erdogan may still be in the lead , but the run off is humbling.
What the editorial is all about?
The editorial is about 1st round result of Turkish presidential election . the editorial talks about Erdogen’s policies and performances.it tells that through Erdogen is leading but its power has decreased.
Þ 1st round result of Turkish presidential election:
60% seats were in contest here .Erdogan won 49.5% of votes while his main rival Kamal Kiliedcdragola won 44.9% of votes Erdogen is leading in 1st round but he still will have to wait for 2nd round polls to be held on 28th nay.
What were the main issue of this election?
· Mismanagement of economy under Erdogan
· Turkey lira had last 60 % of its value against American dollar in just two years .
· Foreign investors are declining also current account deficit increasing.
· Annual inflation has hit the middle class.
Eardogan has been in power for around 20 years ; his ambition was to make Turkey like ottoman empire.he moved away from west and strengthened ties with Russia and Arabia countries.HE HAS MOVED HIS COUNTRY TO ISLAMISM. In period of its power Erdogan has been a powerful leader.
Burt the election results showing that he is facing tough fight from his opposition he has been humbled by the voters.