Summary of The Hindu 13th DECEMBER 2023

Bhajan Lal Sharma will be new CM  of Rajasthan

Bhajan Lal Sharma has been Chisen as new CM of Rajsthan.

BJP on Tuesday has chosen first time MLA from Jaipur’s Sanganer constituency as Next Chief Minister of Rajstahan .

Diya Kumari and Prem Chand Bairwa has been chosen as two deputy CM of Rajstahan .

Lok Sabha passes bills to women’s quota in J&K , Puducherry

Lok Sabha on Tuesday passed two amendments , to extend the provision of Women reservation bill in Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry respectively .

106 th amendment act provides 33 % reservation to women in Lok Sabha and state assemblies .

But govt had  to amend Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act , 2019 to introduce it in Jammu and kashmir .

For Puducherry The Governement of Union Territories ( Amendment ) Bill was to be amended to introduce Women reservation in Assemblies .

Of the UTs only Puducherry has assembly and elections are held for this every five years .

Retail inflation rises to 5.55% in November

Consumer price rise at three month high pace of 5.55% in November . In October CPI inflation was 4.87% .

Food price inflation in November was 8.7% , in November it was 6.6%  . Food price inflation is mainly driven by increase in prices of vegetables , pulses , fruit and sugar

Rajya Sabha passes bill for appointment of CEC , EC

The Rajya Sabha on Tuesday passed the Chief Election Commissioners ( Appointments , Commission of services and term of services ) Bill . The bill will guide appointment of Chief Election Commissioner ( CEC ) and Election Commissioner ( EC ) in future .

     The protocols of CEC and EC has been brought

Shah introduces restarted criminal bills in Lok Sabha

Home Minister Amit Shah introduces three redrafted bills that will replace IPC , Cr PC and IEC . The bill earlier was sent to parliamentary committee for suggestions  . 48 hours has been given to members to read the bill before , it will be open for voting .

SOME noticable points in the Bhartiya Nyay Samhita act ,2023 are :

     Definition of Terrorism has been expanded to include “ economic security “

and “ damage and Destruction of property in India or on foreign land used or intended for the defense of India will be used for the defense of India “

Damaging Indian Monetary system by way of counterfeiting  notes has also been put under terrorist activities .

The maximum Punishment is death penalty inder this .

     In cases of rape , printing and publishing of any matter related to court proceedings without permission has been made punishable offence with imprisonment for two years . The judgement of High Court and Supreme Court has been exempted under this .

     Causing harm to mental health of women has been included as offence under section 85 of the bill , which pertoans cruelty by husband and husband relatives .

     The minimum sentence of seven year for mob lynching has been dropped and and replaced with imprisonment of life while maximum Punishment remains death .

The two other bills are Bhartiya Sakshya Samhita , 2023 replacing IEA ( Indian Evidence Act ,1872)   and Bahrtiya Nagrik Suraksha Samhita Bill , 2023  that seeks to replace CrPC ( Criminal Procedure Code ) , 1898

Biden unlikely to visit India for R day

 India had put off plans to hold QUAD meeting in January , sources told the Hindu . Earlier the plan was to host US meeting for republic day . US President was invited by PM Narendra Modi .

A senior US official told that there was difficulty in scheduling US Congress sessions. , that can be the probable reasons .

Aggressively probing attack on India consulate in San Francisco , says FBI chief

FBI director Christofer W Array held a meeting  with National Invwatigation Agency ( NIA ) chief Dinkar Gupta on Tuesday .

The talk was on issues related to Terrorism and organised crime .

Mr Array informed NIA that FBI was aggressively investigating the attack on Indian consulate in San Fransisco .

Mr Gupta highlighted the nexus between

74% Indians could not afford healthy diet in 2021 : report

Food and Agriculture Organisation ( FAO ) has published a report named “ Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition : 2023 : Statistics and trends “ .

Some major points in this is :

     More than 74 % of Indians could not afford a healthy diet in 2021 . In 2020 it was 76.2% , rising food costs , if not matched with rising income will lead more people unable to afford healthy food .

     The region represent 370 million undernourished people representing half the global total .

     16.6% of countries population is undernourished . 

     37.1 % childern in India under the age five showed stunted ( lower height per age )  growth .

India recorded highest wasting ( low weight per height ) in the region ,with 18.7 percent under five facing similar health problem .

2.8 % of children below five were overweight

 

     53% of women between age 15 and 49 had Anemia .

FAO report is a glimpse of meeting Sustainable Development Golas ( SDGs) and Word Health Assembly ( WHA ) targets . End hunger , food security and improved nutrition are among the SDG goals .

Modi kicks of global AI summit

The Global Partnership for Artificial Summit ( GPAI ) started in New Delhi on Tuesday  .

29 countries from North and South America , Europe and Asia is participating  in this . China is not a member . The summit is about to discuss safety and developmental challenges related to AI .

PM Modi addressing the inauguration ceremony said

“ Trust in AI will grow only when related ethical , economic and social aspect are addressed . “

He further raised some pertinent issues like “ Can we establish an institutional mechanism that ensure resilient employment ? Can we bring standardised global AI curriculum ? Can we set standards to prepare people for AI driven future ? “ he asked .

PM also suggested watermarking AI products , so that it can be distinguished from non AI images ,photos and videos . AI generated images has been used in illicit ways such as creating “ deep fake “ clip of celebrities . PM also highlighted the risk of terrorist using AI .

World

23 pakistani soldiers killed Taliban – linked group drives vehicles into security post

At least 23 Pakistani Army soldiers were killed in a suicide attack on Army Post in Dera Ismail Khan . The terrorist  rammed explosive laden vehicle into Army post , six terrorist were also killed at the site when army retaliated .

Tahreek E Jihad Pakistan (TJP ) is a newly formed terrorist organisation has take. The responsibility of the attack  . TJP is an affiliate of Tahreek E Taliban Pakistan (TTP ) which has been involved in similar balst previously .

Seaparately , 17 terrorist were killed in an intelligence based operation in Darazinda area of Dera Ismail Khan .

Deadlock at COP 28 Climate talks forces negotioation into overtime

Difference emerged over language in final text of CoP 28 agreement . The CoP 28 was to conclude on Tuesdays at 12: 30 PM . But due to emergence of differences deliberations n are likely to extend of Wednesday . CoP 28 , Director general  Majid Al Sulawaidi said that the “ parties habe deeply held and deeply split views …. Especially the language around the fossile fuels “ .

The newly included term in global stockate text is “ rapidly phase down unabated coal “ in place of “ fossil fuel “ . India , China and Indonesia are among the countries that are against such term

Nawaz Sharif acquitted in Graft , fit to contest polls

Islamabad High court on Tuesday acquitted Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz  ( PML – N )  supremo , and former Pakistan President Nawaz Sharif in Al Azizia mill corruption case .

This has cleared a major hurdle  for Nawaz Sharif to fight upcoming elections .

China’s Xi Jinping visits Vietnam in a bid to counter US influence

Chinese Presidet Xi Jinping is on visit to Vietnam . This is his first visit  to Vietnam in Six years . The visit is seen as China trying to counter increasing US influence on Vietnam . The two nation China and Vietnam has pledged to deepen ties .

Earlier in September US president Joe Biden visited Vietnam  , Hanoi and US upgraded diplomatic ties during this visit .

 

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