Summary of The Hindu 7th FEBRUARY 2024

Uttarakhand tables UCC Bill in Assembly

In a historic move Uttarakhand CM Pushkar Singh Dhami tabled Uniform Civil Code (UCC ) bill in assembly .

Uttarakhand will become the first assembly to in India to enact UCC if the bill is passed .

Currently Goa is the only state that has UCC . Goa had UCC under Portuguese. It retained its UCC status after liberation in 1961 .

UCC contains  laws about all communities with regard to marriage , succession , divorce , live in relation . However , 2.9% of the ST population has been kept out of the ambit of  UCC .

Salient features under the bill : –

     Marriages and Divorce – Marriages will only take place between one man and one woman . The age of marriage has been set between 18 for girls and 21 for boys .

Both men and women will have the same right to divorce.

Islamic practices such as “ halala “ and “ iddat “ have been prohibited .

3 year imprisonment and ₹1 lakh fine or both will be for “ halala “ .

The bill makes it mandatory to register marriages or divorce , if one fails to do so then he will not get government facilities . In case of divorce or domestic custody of child upto five years will be with mother only

 

     Live in Relationship – A couple has to register their live-in status within a month , failing to do so they can face maximum imprisonment for 3 months . If a live -in partner shares any false information , they will face imprisonment for upto 3 months and fine not exceeding ₹25000 . The children born out of live-in will be considered legitimate children for the couple .

 

     Inheritance and Property law .– Equal law in property inheritance for sons and daughters , for all classes , with no distinction between legitimate and illegitimate children .Biological or adopted children or Children born out of surrogacy .

After the death of a person his wife and children will be given equal right in his property along with parents . Previously , only mothers had the right on deceased property .

Massive explosion leaves 11 dead , 149 injured at firecracker factory

At least 11 people died and 149 injured in a massive explosion in a firecracker factory in Madhya Pradesh , Harda district .

Affluent among sub caste could be omitted from quota list , observed SC

A seven judge constitution bench on Tuesday asked why affluent sub castes among backward subclasses should not be “ excluded”  from reservation  list and made to compete in General list.

“ Why should there be no exclusion ( from the general category ) “ , Some of these sub castes have done better and gone forward . They should come out of reservation and compete with the general category . Why stay there …?”

Justice Vikram Nath observed .

The seven judge bench is examining the question on whether states can identify  and sub  classify groups within scheduled castes ( SC) who deserve greater reservation .

Currently Punjab is demanding that it has the right to form new subclasses under SC .EV Chinnaiah case : –

 

In 2010 , A constitutional Bench in E V Chinnaiah case had held that only the president was empowered to categorize a group of SCs under Article 341 . The bench also  held SCs as “ homogeneous group “ and any subclassification will be a violation of right to equality .

Under Article 341 and Article 342 the President has been given power to designate Castes and Tribes .

Myanmar border will be fully fenced : Shah

Union Home Minister Amit Shah said on Tuesday that the government has decided to make a fence of 1643 km along the border of Myanmar .

He said that fencing is completed along a 10 km stretch of Myanmar border , and a hybrid Surveillance System ( HSS )  is going to be installed in the Moreh border .

Fencing of borders will end the Free Movement Regime .

Lok Sabha passes Bill to  tackle cheating in recruitment exams

 Lok Sabha  on Tuesday passed Public examination ( prevention of unfair means ) bill 2024 , to check malpractice and organised crime in government recruitment exams .

The bill proposes a minimum three year imprisonment and a fine of upto ₹1 crore for the culprits.

IRCTC launched Ramayana circuit tourist train service

IRCTC has designated a comprehensive tour plan based on places of pilgrimage importance cited in Ramayana . The first such tour began on February 4 .

A group of 122 tourists  , 60 from the UK , 52 from Portugal and 10 from India are  there on the inaugural journey .

The train will cover Ram Janam Bhoomi in Ayodhya. Bharat Hanuman temple in Nandigram , Janaki Mandir in Nepal’s Janakpur ,  the Panaura Dham in Sitamarhi , the Rameshwar Nath temple in Buxar , the Vishwanath temple in Varanasi and so on .

ED  conducts raid over MGNREGA ‘irregularities ‘ in Across Bengal districts

Enforcement  Directorate on Tuesday conducted multiple raids across several districts of West Bengal in connection with embezzlement inti MGNREGA funds .

Central Govt had stopped MGNREGA funding to west Bengal in 2021 over charges of “ corruption “ .

Recently CM Mamata Bannerjee announced that her government would release wages of 21 lakh MGNREGA workers on February 21 .

The Trinamool Congress leadership is currently staging a Dharna regarding clearance of dues to the state in capital .

Leave us out of your conflict , Naga groups tells Meitie and Kuki Zo community .

United Naga Council ( UNC ) has asked Meitie and Kuki Zo community to insulate them from ongoing conflict between these two communities in Manipur .

They claimed that Nagas  were increasingly becoming victim in the cross fire of the two communities in Manipur .

Naga tribes form about 21% of total population of Manipur .

World

Trump to not immune from election  subversion  charges , rules US court

The federal appeals court on Tuesday ruled that Donald Trump does not have immunity from charges that he plotted to overturn his 2020 election defeat , bringing the former US president a step closer to criminal trial .

This pertains to 2020 Capitol Hill attack case , when after election results in favour of Joe Biden supporters of Donald Trump entered Capitol Hill and tried to overturn the results .

 

Donald Trump in his defense told that the case is of the period when he was  President , and thus he is immune of prosecution .

The judges said “ any executive immunity that may have protected him while he served as president , no longer protects him against this prosecution “

Donald Trump can now move Supreme court to overturn this .

Donald Trump is currently key contender to be Republican Presidential candidate .

Blinken to push for Gaza truce during tour to west Asia

The USA ‘s secretary in another visit to West Asia was in Egypt on Tuesday . He is trying to push for a truce plan between Hamas and Israel  that will include hostage exchange .

On Saudi Arabia he said that Saudi Arabia will look towards relations with Israel only when a solution containing an independent palestinian state is reached .

Saudi Arabia doesn’t  recognise Israel .

India asks it’s citizen in Myanmar state to leave

India on Tuesday asked its members in Myanmar’s Rakhine state to leave the troubled region immediately in view of deteriorating security situation .

MEA in its advisory also advised India nationals not to visit the Rakhine state of Myanmar .

Currently a fight is going on between the local ethnic armed group Arakan Army and the Military Junta of Myanmar in Rakhine state .

 

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