Summary of The Hindu 20th FEBRUARY 2024

Use dictionary meaning of ‘ forest ‘ supreme court tells central government

·         The Supreme Court was hearing a Petition filed against Amendment Forest Conservation Act 2023.

·         The court directed center that the expression “ forest “ will continue to be “ broad and all encompassing “  for the time being  , and it will included 1.97 lakh square km of undeclared land .

·         The new amendment had “ circumscribed and substantially diluted the meaning of forest to two categories  – declared forest lands recorded as “ forests “ in governmental records after 1980 .

·         The court also ordered that establishment of Zoos Safaris must have a final approval by top court .

·         Forest Amendment Act , 2023  –

Ø  It changed definition of “ forest “ to as mentioned in governmental records after 1980 .  By doing so 1.97 lakh hectares of undeclared forest land which earlier came under “ forest “ were excluded .

Ø  Land within 100 km of India’s border needed for national security projects has been excluded under this .

Ø  The state govt requires prior approval of central government to assign any forest land to private entity .

Ø  The act specifies some activities that can be carried out on forest ,such as

      establishing check post , bridges . The bill also allows running ecotourism and  

      Zoo Safari activities .

Center – Kerala talks fail ; SC to hear suit

·         The talk between Center and Kerala over financial inequality failed . The case is in Supreme Court . Kerala has accused center of pushing it to “ financial emergency “ by adopting policies and making amendment to laws .

·         Center proposed to give Rs. 11,000 crore for cooperative federalism . Center also accused Kerala of being “ one of the most financially unhealthy states “ .

SC deeply concerned about Chandigarh mayor polls

·         The Supreme Court on Monday said it is “ deeply concerned  about the horse trading taking place “ post the Chandigarh mayor election  , and summoned the entire records and video of the polls held on January 30 .

·         The court directive came after  court observed that returning officer “ has to be prosecuted “ , for interfering with electoral democracy for “ defacing “ eight ballot papers “ This matter is very important . We are deeply concerned that this type of horse trading is taking place “ , Chief Justice Chandrachud observed .

SC allows Sharad Pawar faction to continue use of new name


Center has agreed to discuss statehood , says Ladakh leaders

·         Civil Society groups from Ladakh has agrreed to put off an indefinite hunger strike by Thupstan Chhewang  and Sonam Wangchuk after meeting  officials from Ministry of Home Affairs ( MHA ) ,on Monday .

·         On February 3 , Ladakh observed a complete shutdown as thousands gathered for the demand of Leh to protect its cultural identity .

·         The demands of Ladakh civil society are statehood for Ladakh , special privileges under sixth schedule , reservation to jobs for locals , state to have its own public service commission etc

Farmers reject center’s offer to resume March

·         Union government presented five years contract plan for MSP to farmers to procure five crops .

·         The plan meant that center would procure five crops ( maize , cotton , tur , massor , urad) at price  system A2 + FL + 50 % ( Input Cost + Family Labour + 50 % over that ) .

·         The farmers organizations have rejected the center’s proposal and have decided to resume ‘ Delhi Chalo ‘ from 21 february .Farmers demand is of  Legal guarantee of MSP on C2 + 50 % ( input cost and rent in the land + 50% ) formula

We are making the life of every citizen easier : PM

·         PM Modi launched 14,000 projects in UP worth over ₹10 lakh crore on Monday . He hailed state’s infrastructure development , saying it has highest number of expressways and international airports .

·         He also hailed state’s aim to be 1 trillion dollar economy .

‘Class 10 ,12 exams will be held twice a year from 2025-26’

·         Union education minister Dharmendra Pradhan on Monday said that students will have   option of appearing  for class 10 and 12 twice a year since 2025 – 26 . He was saying this at launch of PM SHRI scheme in Chhatisgarh .

·         PM SHRI ( Prashan Mantri Schools for Rising India ) – Under this 211 schools of the state will be upgraded .


Navalny’s widows accuses President Putin of killing him , vows to continue his life’s work

·         Yulia Navalnaya widow of Alexie Navalny accussed Russian President Vladimir Putin to kill her husband .

·         She further told that Navalny died after being tormented and tortured for  three years .

·         “ I will do continue the work of Alexie Navalny , she further said.

·         Russian government has told that investigation in death of Navalny is still on .

EU launches Red Sea mission as US ship  is attacked twice

·         The European Union sets to launch a mission named  Asoides ,   Greek for “ shields “ – up and running in a few weeks. The mission is aimed at protecting Cargo ships in the Red Sea from Houthi attacks .

·         The US is already spearheading its own coalition in the area .

Sri Lanka will uphold economic and social rights of Tamil : President

·         Srilankan President Ranil Wockramshinghe said on Monday that his government has initiated a process to uphold the country’s minority Tamil community .

·         Mr Wickramshighe virtually launched the fourth stage of the Indian housing project , “ Bharat Lanka ” aimed at construction of 10,000 houses with Indian grant assistance for plantation workers in Sri Lanka .

·         Mr. Wickramshighe expressed gratitude to India for this .Tamil community in Sri Lanka has suffered hugely from

House built from India assistance

Cambodia to revive tiger population with India’s help

·         Cambodia hopes to import four from India this year under an Agreement signed with New Delhi .

·         Cambodia’s dry forest was home of scores of Indochinese tigers once but I tensive poaching of both tigers and prey has devastated their numbers .Tiger population in India  can exceed 3600 this year .

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