Summary of The Hindu 20 JULY 2023 Current Affairs — — —

THE HINDU National


ð  Activists Teesta setalvad to continue on bail, says SC.

on Wednesday quashed a july order of the Gyjrat High Court directing activist
Teesta setalvad to surrender immediately in a forgery case linked to 2022

of Teesta Setalvad case:

June 25, 2022 –
Gujrat police arrested the activist in Manebai in a forgery case linked to the
2022 riots.

September 2, 2022 –
Supreme Court grants her interim bail

July 1, 2022 – Gujrat
high court refuses her regular bail, orders her immediate surrender. The SC
protect her from arrest the same right.

July 8, 2023 – SC
orders her interim protection to continue till further hearing on July 19.

July 19, 2023 – SC,
quashes and sets aside Gujrat HC decision setalvad to continue on the bail.

Setalvad has been accussed of spreading false propaganda, lies against Narendra
Modi when he was CM during Gujrat Riots 2022.

had put there in its report.

ð  15 electrocuted at Namami Gange site in uttarakhand

person were electrocuted and seven got injured at a sewage treatment plant of
the Namami Gange project on the banks of the Alkanda in Chanoli district of

Uttrakhand power corporation ltd said the incident took place after power was
restored to the sewage treatment plant following a 20 minute shutdown for
repairs. It sadi the cause of the incident can be known only after a detailed
investigation, adding that its equipment did not appear to be at Fault.

ð  Manipur : Clip surfaces of women facing sexual violence.

one day after clash in Manipur started on May 3, there women were stripped and
paraded by a mob in Manipur, the police said they have registers a cause of
gang rape and abducting and would soon make arrests.

video of the incident has surfaced on social media. It has created furore.
Police is investigating the incident.

ð  SC agrees to list pleas to criminalise marital before 3-Judge Bench.

two to section 375 of the India pearl code decriminalises maritol rape and
holds that sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife, who is not under 18
years of age, without her consent is not rape.

recent Judgements of Karnataka High court and Delhi High court has triggered a

ð  Karnataka High Court Judgement


 The Karnataka high
court had held that a husband was liable to be changed for rape if he had
forcible sex with his wife. Delhi High court on the other hand held section 375
and any change in law should be carried by legis lature.

Wednesday CJI D.Y. Chandchud held petitioner demand and has listed it before
3-Judge Bench.

ð  Manufacturing ecosystem for Airbus 215 aircraft taking shape in

September 2021, the defence Ministry signed a 22,000 crore deal with AIRBUS and
space S.A, spain for procurement of 56 C-295 HW transport aircraft. 16 aircraft
would come in flyaway condition however from 17th aircraft will come
from Vadodara manufacturing plant which is joint venture of AIRBUS and tata
advanced systems limited (TASL). The first aircraft manufactured by vadodra
final Assembly line (FAL) will come is September 2026 work is in full swing
regarding this.

ð  India supports V.M. on Black sea imitative

voiced support for the UN’s effort in continuing the black sea grain
initiative, and expressed hope for an early resolution to the impare.

on Monday had terminated the implementation of the black sea grain initative.

ð   INDIA a work in progress,
adds Bharat to its tagline.

has invented a new tagline “Jeetaga Bharat” for INDIA

ð  India climbs seven points to 80 on passport index; Singapore at top
Henly passport Index, 2023 has been


ranked 80th this time, last year its ranking was 87th

ranked 76 in 2014, 88 in 2015, 85 in 2016, 87 in 2017, 81 in 2018, 82 in 2019
and 2020, 81 in 2021, 87 in 2022.

ð  World ranking

got 1st rank in ranking this time. Japan which used to be on top
position for five years dropped to 3rd.

– Singapore

– Germany, Italy Spain

– France, Luxempurg, south korea, Austria, Finland and Japan.

Henly passport Index

is ranking of all  the world’s passport
according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a
prior visa. The index include 199 passports and 227 travel destinations. The
research is conducted by Henly and partners a London based company.

ð  Henly openness Index

It measures how many
country does a nations allow visa free access to India ranked 94 out of total 97
ranks for allowing only four countries visa-free access.

 At bottom of Index is
four countries scoring zero not allowing any country VISA free access for any
passport-namely Afghanistan, North Korea, Papun Ne Guined

ð  40% of districts do not have nursing colleges, health ministry data

are no nursing colleges in 40% of districts across India, show health ministry
data. 42% of nursing institutions are clustered in five southern states while 3
western states have 17%

centre has attempted to correct this disparity with a scheme to collocate 157
new nursing colleges in medical colleges by April 2025. And provide short term
training for nurses. However it says that many states have failed to utilise
the scheme properly.

currently has 35 lakh nurses but its nurse to population ratio is only 2.06:100
against global benchmark 3:100.




ð  Tata to invest 4 billion for building JPR battery cell Gigafactory
in U.K.

Gigafactory, with an investment of 4 billion will have a capacity of 40 GW of
cells annually. The production at the U.K. facility is expected to start in
2026. Jaguar land rover (JLR) and Tata Motors would be the anchar customers.

R. Chandrasekhar says investment reflects group’s commitment to electric
mobility and renewable energy storage solution.

ð  SBI-led lenders to fund Adani’s 34,000 cr. Project.

one of the largest fundraising after MUDRA PORT sagu SBI led investors agreed
to fund a significant part of 34,000 crore PVC project in Mundra.

ð  Cong brings in bill promising minimum income in Rajasthan

Ashok Gehlot govt on Tuesday introduced “The Rajasthan Minimum Guaranteed
income Bill, 2023”, it is the last session of Assembly before state goes to

major focus points of Bill is-

Additional 25 days of
work for rural household under MGNRGA. MGNRGA has 100 days work guarantee.

A total 125 days of
guaranteed work  for registered urban

If the applicant
fails to get employment within 15 days when demand was made the applicant will
be entitled to receive unemployment allowance.

If the government
fails to provide employment within 15 days when demand was made, the applicant
will be entitled to receive unemployment allowance.

Every person falling
in the category of old age/ specially abled/ widow/ single woman with
prescribed eligibility is entitled to a pension under this act.


The pension shall be
increased at the rate of 15% annum.

is the first time when a law will be made for urban employment by any state.

ð  Suspected terror module busted in Bengaluru : 5 held.

suspected terror module was busted by the central crime Branch (CCB) in
Bengaluru on Wednesday; fine person who has been arrested to carry out subversive
activities in and around the city were arrested




ð  CRIMEA evacuates thousands after fire at military facility

fire broke out on Wednesday at a military training filed in annexed crimea the
Russia-installed Governor said, promiting authorities to order the evacuation
of more than 2,000 civilians.

to order the evacuation of more than 2,00 civilians.

did not specify the cause of the blazy some Russian Media reported that
detonations were heard in the area and  
footage showed columns of black smoke in the sky.

president zetensky however told that “Rusian terrorists deliberately targeted
the grain deal infrastructure, and every Russian missile is a blow not only to
Ukraine, but to everyone in the world who wants a normal and safe life”, Mr.
zelensky said on Telegram

ð  Putin will not travel to South Africa for BRICS summit

president vladmir putin will nor travel to south Africa to attend the upcoming
BRICS summit, instead, Mr. Putin will participate BRICS through video
conferencing. Russia President’s spokesperson Dmitry Peskov declared in  a statement on Wednesday.

foreign minister sergey Lavrov will attend the summit in persons, said Mr.

Africa is a member of international criminal court (ICC) which issued a warrant
against Mr. Putin in March this year for Mr. Putin’s arrest in war crimes.

action of the ICC has put south Africa in a difficult position as it is
expected to carry out its obligation as ICC member.

Johannesburg BRICS summit will include discussion on increasing the number of
member – states. BRICS has emerged as a prominent foram for emerging economics.
President Cyril Romphosa said “many countries” were interested in joining the

ð  U.S. economist declines top EU antitrust position.

Scott Morton on American antitrust (competition) was named to lead the European
Union’s  competition regulator has
withdrawn after objections,

 especially from
French president Emmanual Macron.

Morton is an American and has worked with American tech gaints. Mr. Macron had
talked about EU’s strategic autonomy. Mr. Macron also cited principle of
reciprocity and said that American and Chinese law prevents foreign nationals
from being hiring to  key roles in their

ð  Turkey’s erdogan signs 50 bn in deals during visit to Arab nations.

ð  Million hit by extreme heat on three continents.




of strength


ð  The
BJP is investing more in alliances as the 2024 general election draws closer.

What the editorial is
all about

The editorial is
regarding recent gathering of 38 political parties under NDA it talks about its
significance and some issues.

ð  About
NDA meet for 38 political


political parties recently gathered in Delhi in a show of strength. NDA chose
its leader as PM Modi, who will be PM candidate for 2024 elections.

Maharashtra MCP by Ajit Aawar and Shiv Sena joined the meet. Irv up Om Praksh
Rajbhavan’s suhel dev of Bhatiye smaj party has returned to NDA. In Bihar both
factions of the Lok Janshakti Party, and breakdown groups in  Janta Dal (U) participated meet.

Dal Secular in Karnataka and Telgue pesam party led by N. Chandrababu Naidu are
in touch with BJP. These coalitions may help BJP a lot in stater like
Maharashtra, UP and Bihar.

in this is trying to maximise its chances for upcoming general elections. The
parliament sessions. In which uniform civil code (UCC) can be brought will test
NDA’s endurance.






new review panel is good, but the centre must trust its own data.

the editorial is all about?

Recently Ministry of
statics and programme Implementation (MOSPI) has formed a new standing
committee on statics (SCOS)  to advise on
official data, including the household survey carried by National sample survey
office (NSSO). The editorial talks about this.


ð  About new committee SCoS

The new committee SCoS will have 14 members. Its areas will be wider than previous committee among first task will be to conduct household consumption expenditure survey (HCES) the HCES is critical not only to ascertain people’s living standard over time but also the key ton revise economic indicators such as consumer price Index (CPI), GDP measure techniques etc.

ð  About Previous quinquennial employment survey, 2017-18

Citing data quality issues govt had junked the survey in 2019 with more authority SCoS has power to plug gaps. It is hoped to bridge gap regarding any trust deficit with statistical data.

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