Summary of The Hindu 1st MARCH 2024

6 Congress rebel MLAs disqualified in Himachal

·         In recently held Rajya Sabha elections in Himachal Pradesh , six Congress legislators had voted in favor of the BJP candidate .

·         Congress had sent a disqualification appeal to the speaker . Speaker Kuldeep Singh Pathania on Thursday disqualified the six MLAs .

·         The ground for disqualification was their absence from the assembly when the state budget and finance bill was put to vote , defying  the party whip to vote in favor of the govt .

·         The disqualified MLAs will move to the Supreme Court ( SC ) .

·         This has created political turmoil in Himachal Pradesh . The current strength of Congress and BJP in the 68 seat Haryana assembly is 40 and 25 respectively . There are 3 independent candidates .

·         The move will strengthen Congress 34 . which is one short of getting a majority in the assembly .

·         The by-election for these assembly seats will be held with Lok Sabha polls .

GDP growth estimated this year raised to 7.6%

·         The National Statistical Office ( NSO ) made a series of revisions on Thursday about India’s economic growth.

·         India’s projected real GDP growth for this year has been raised to 7.6% from the 7.3% projected last month.

·         It also scaled down its 7.2% growth estimate for 2022-23 to 7% and raised its 2021-22 estimates from 9.1% to 9.7%.

·         The Cross value added in the economy.

First technical team from India arrives in  Maldives

·         Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Randhir Jaiswal on Thursday briefed media personnels that a first technical team has reached Maldives that will replace Indian troops operating Advanced  light helicopters and other aircrafts for the country .

·         The Maldives government had given March 10 a deadline to withdraw its troops from Maldives .

Cabinet OK’s Rs. 75000 crore ‘free electricity‘ solar scheme

·         The Union cabinet approved a Rs.75,021 package for “PM Surya Ghar : Muft Bijli Yojna “,( PM free electricity scheme ), to promote Roof Top Solar Installation in India.

·         The scheme envisages providing 300 units of “ free electricity “ every month  to one crore households .

·         The center will fund 60 % of the cost for installing 2kW systems and 40% for 2-3 KW systems . At current prices this will mean Rs. 30,000 subsidy for 1 KW systems , Rs. 60,000 for 2 KW systems and Rs. 78,000 for 3 KW systems or higher.

·         For the remaining costs , household will be able to able to access “ collateral free lower interest loan products of around 7% at present for the present for installation of residential of  RTS systems  up to 3KW.

·         PSUs will be responsible for taking out a loan to finance the component ,not funded by central subsidy .

·         This loan would be repaid to banks  for consumers selling surplus power produced back to the grid.

·         Applying for subsidy : Households will apply for subsidy through a central portal and will be able to select a suitable vendor for installing rooftop solar.

Top court dismisses Vedanta plea to reopen plant in Thoothukudi

·         The Supreme Court on Thursday rejected a demand by Vedanta group to restart it’s copper plant in Thoothukudi .

·         The plant was earlier shut down by a high court order for repeated violation of environmental norms .

West Bengal Police arrests Trinmool’s Shahjahan

·         Controversial Trinamool Congress leader Sheikh Shahjahan was arrested by the West Bengal police on Wednesday night over an attack on officials of Enforcement Directorate ( ED ) last month .

·         Shahjahan has multiple allegations of land grab and sexual assault by villagers of Sandeshkhali  . He was sent to police custody for 10 days by a court of North 24 Pargana district on Thursday .

·         Hours after his arrest TMC suspended him for six years .

·         Sandeshkhali has been on boil since february 1 , after villagers held violent protests seeking action against Mr. Shahjahan and other local TMC workers .

India’s leopard population rises to 13,784 ; MP on top

·         India’s leopard number rose by 8%  from 12,852 in 2018 to 13,874 in 2022 , according to a report made public by the Environment ministry on Thursday .

·         The highest number of leopards was reported in Madhya Pradesh ( 3907 ) ; only three states has reported over 10,00 . Maharashtra ( 1,985 ) , Karmataka ( 1,879 ) , and TamilNadu ( 1,070 ) .

·         Uttarakhand saw a 22% decline in the number of leopards , reportedly due to poaching and man animal conflict .Arunachal Pradesh , West Bengal and Assam saw a collective 150% rise to 349 .

·         The numbers are based on a survey by Wildlife Institute of India ( WII ) and it covered 70 % of the expected area for leopards across 20 states.

Lancet study shows obesity rates going up across world

·         A recent study on Obesity by Lancet  has following key findings

     Obesity rates among children and Adolescents has increased four times between 1990 and 2022 .

     The total number of children and Adolescents and adults living worldwide living with obesity has surpassed one billion .In total 159 million children and Adolescents and 879 million adults were observed by 2022 .

     In India obesity rates increased from .1% in 1990 to 3.1% in 2022 for girls , .1% to 3.9% for boys .

     The study was conducted by NCD Risk factor collaboration ( NCD – Risc ) in collaboration  WHO . 1500 researchers analyzed weight and height measurement  from 190 countries .



104 killed as Israeli forces attack at aid spot in Gaza

·         At least 104 people were killed  in Gaza Thursday when Israeli forces in Gaza , opened fire on Palestinians scrambling for food aid .

·         Israeli forces said that a “ stampede “ occurred when aid trucks arrived and they were overwhelmed by the crowd .

·         Witnesses said that trucks carrying aid came close to army tanks , and the Israeli army, fearing a crowd to damage the tank, opened fire .

·         The Palestinian casualty in Gaza has already surpassed 30,000 .

·         Saudi Arabia is among the first countries to heavily condemn the incident .

West support to Ukraine fraught with Global Nuclear war risk: Putin

·         Ahead of the Presidential elections  Russian President Vladimir Putin delivered a key speech before warning the west of a nuclear strike if western forces were deployed at the Russian border .

·         Putin noted that western countries are “ selecting targets for striking out territory “. , and “ talking about the possibility of sending NATO troops to Ukraine “ .

“ We remember the fate of those who sent their contingent to the territory of our country “ , the Russian leader said in apparent allusion to Napoleon and Hitler .“ Now the consequences for the potential invaders will be far more tragic “ .

Putin described western leaders as reckless and irresponsible and said that the west should keep in mind that “ we also have weapons that can strike targets on their territory , and what they are suggesting and scaring the world with “ , all that raises the real threat of a nuclear conflict that will mean destruction of our civilization “ .

Spain’s top court opens ‘ street terrorism ‘ probe into Carles Puidgemont

·         Spain’s top court said on Thursday that it was opening  an investigation into Catalan separatist , on terrorism charges over “ protest “ linked to Catalonia’s failed 2017 independence bid .

·         The Supreme Court said it had decided to “ to investigate and where appropriate , prosecute “ Mr Puidgemont “ for terrorism offenses in relation to the democratic Tsunami case “ .

·         Democratic Tsunami –  It is a Catalan protest group advocating a self determination referendum in Catalonia .

·         On the day their protest was handed down in October 2019 , thousands of activists blocked access to Barcelona airport for several hours .

·         The unprecedented protest prompted cancellation of more than 100 flights .


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